Before anything else, TOEIC and TOEFL are different. TOEIC means "Test Of English for International Communication", it is a test primarily used for people who will be working in an English-speaking environment. TOEFL means "Test Of English as a Foreign Language", it is a test to measure someone''s English skills and proficiency to be used in an academic setting. Both are very important as they are used as a basis for licensure, scholarship programs and even used in some government bodies. TOEFL scores are usually valid for two years, the reason behind it is that the English proficiency of an individual changes in time.
TOEIC has two types of tests, the Speaking/Writing test or the Listening/Reading test. The speaking test takes about 20 minutes assessing an individual''s grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation and fluency. It is applied in personal conversations, telephone communication, business presentation and the likes. Basic and everyday practical dialogues are usually important in this part too. The writing test usually takes an hour to finish. In a listening test, they usually show you an English video of something/someone or a group of people. Sometimes there is no video and only an audio recording is given. After making you listen to it or watch it, they will ask you a question about what you just watched. In reading, you are tested on filling out incomplete sentences, error recognition and reading comprehension. This is usually done in 2 hours or so.
TOEFL is also divided into reading, writing, listening and speaking. The reading part gives you short articles, essays or passages in English and will ask questions related to what you read. Individuals will mainly answer questions about main ideas, essential information, sentence insertion, vocabulary, grammar and the likes. The listening part usually consists of listening to a passage or listening to a conversation. All questions are also based on what you just listened. The Writing test requires the student to summarize important points on what he or she listened to. Another part of the test is that they give you a topic or an issue and they make you write an essay about it. The speaking test consists of 6 tasks. Two tasks will require for you to speak spontaneously about your chosen topic, as for the four other tasks, somebody else will give you a topic to talk about. There will be listening and reading materials where a student will also be allowed to take their down notes for their future reference.
Learn English seriously and be globally competitive and marketable. More and more institutions require and take these tests to heart. These are used to determine if an individual is suitable for a particular task or can pass an academic institution.